News Releases

Schnitzer Reports Fourth Quarter and Fiscal 2017 Financial Results

Strongest Fourth Quarter and Fiscal Year Earnings Per Share Since Fiscal 2011

Fiscal 2017 Total Ferrous Volumes Up 10% and Nonferrous Volumes Up 15%

PORTLAND, Ore.--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Oct. 24, 2017-- Schnitzer Steel Industries, Inc. (Nasdaq: SCHN) today reported financial results for its fourth quarter and fiscal year ended August 31, 2017. The Company reported earnings per share from continuing operations of $0.65 and adjusted earnings per share of $0.63 for the fourth quarter fiscal 2017. These results are significantly higher than fourth quarter fiscal 2016 reported earnings per share of $0.59 and adjusted earnings per share of $0.60, both of which included a benefit of $0.21 per share from an insurance reimbursement of $6 million. Our fiscal 2017 full year reported earnings per share of $1.60 and adjusted earnings per share of $1.53 also represent significant increases compared to fiscal 2016 reported loss per share of $0.66 and adjusted earnings per share of $0.69. For a reconciliation of the adjusted results to U.S. GAAP, see the Non-GAAP Financial Measures provided after the financial statements in this document.

Auto and Metals Recycling (AMR) generated fourth quarter operating income of $24 million, or $28 per ferrous ton, which is a 27% increase in operating income from the prior year quarter. The increased operating income reflects 7% higher ferrous sales volumes compared to last year’s fourth quarter, as well as higher average net selling prices, sustained benefits from our cost savings and productivity initiatives, and a favorable impact from average inventory accounting.

Cascade Steel and Scrap (CSS) generated fourth quarter operating income of $8 million, including a gain on sale of an Oregon metals recycling joint venture investment of $1 million. These results compare favorably to the prior year fourth quarter operating income for CSS of $3 million, which included an asset impairment charge of $2 million in the steel manufacturing operations. The improved fourth quarter performance reflects 20% higher finished steel sales volumes compared to last year’s fourth quarter as well as an increase in finished steel average net selling prices and benefits from productivity improvements, including initial synergies from the integration of the steel manufacturing and the Oregon metals recycling operations into a single operating and reportable segment.

"In fiscal 2017, we delivered our strongest earnings performance in the past six years with significantly higher volumes and operating margins year over year. In a market environment in which we saw stable to steadily improving prices and demand for ferrous and nonferrous recycled metal, our results reflect our success in increasing our sales diversification, expanding our supply channels, improving our operating efficiencies, and sustaining the benefits from our multi-year productivity improvement initiatives," said Tamara Lundgren, President and Chief Executive Officer. "We converted our greater profitability into another year of strong positive operating cash flow which also reflected our disciplined working capital management in a higher price and volume environment. Going forward, our improved profitability and strong balance sheet should provide us with the flexibility and financial strength to take advantage of evolving market opportunities and further increase shareholder value," added Lundgren.

In fiscal 2017, the combination of improved U.S. and global economic growth, and lower Chinese steel exports driven by higher domestic demand and reductions in less efficient steel-making capacity, contributed to improved demand and prices for ferrous recycled scrap metal. Long-term demand for recycled metals is expected to continue to be driven by factors including global economic growth and an increased focus on environmental policies promoting natural resource conservation, lower greenhouse gas emissions, and reduced energy consumption.

In fiscal 2017, total ferrous and nonferrous volumes increased by 10% and 15%, respectively, compared to fiscal 2016, including external sales by AMR and CSS, and deliveries to our steel mill. Strong operating cash flow of $49 million and $100 million for the fourth quarter and fiscal 2017, respectively, reduced total debt by 25% from the end of fiscal 2016.

For fiscal 2017, AMR's ferrous and nonferrous sales volumes increased 9% and 14%, respectively, compared to the prior year. AMR's operating income for fiscal 2017 of $91 million and operating income per ferrous ton of $29 represents a significant improvement from fiscal 2016 operating income of $23 million and operating income per ferrous ton of $8, and adjusted operating income of $48 million and adjusted operating income per ferrous ton of $16.

For fiscal 2017, CSS's operating income of $5 million compares to fiscal 2016 operating income of $5 million, which included asset impairment charges of $4 million. Fiscal 2017 adjusted operating income of $5 million was lower than fiscal 2016 adjusted operating income of $9 million, reflecting higher costs of raw materials and the adverse impact of finished steel imports on selling prices. For a reconciliation of the adjusted AMR and CSS results to U.S. GAAP, see the Non-GAAP Financial Measures provided after the financial statements in this document.

Summary Results
($ in millions, except per share amounts)
  Quarter   Year
4Q17   4Q16   3Q17 2017   2016
Revenues $ 494 $ 391 $ 477 $ 1,688 $ 1,353
 
Operating income (loss) $ 22 $ 18 $ 19 $ 56 $ (8 )
Goodwill impairment charge 9
Other asset impairment charges (recoveries), net 2 (1 ) (1 ) 21
Restructuring charges and other exit-related activities (1 ) 7
Resale or modification of previously contracted shipments, net of recoveries   (1 )   (1 ) (1 )
Adjusted operating income(1)(2) $ 22 $ 19 $ 18 $ 54 $ 28
 
Net income (loss) attributable to SSI $ 18 $ 16 $ 17 $ 45 $ (19 )
Net income (loss) from continuing operations attributable to SSI $ 18 $ 16 $ 17 $ 45 $ (18 )
Adjusted net income from continuing operations attributable to SSI(1) $ 18 $ 17 $ 16 $ 43 $ 19
 
Diluted earnings (loss) per share attributable to SSI $ 0.64 $ 0.58 $ 0.60 $ 1.58 $ (0.71 )
Diluted earnings (loss) per share from continuing operations attributable to SSI $ 0.65 $ 0.59 $ 0.60 $ 1.60 $ (0.66 )
Adjusted diluted EPS from continuing operations attributable to SSI(1) $ 0.63 $ 0.60 $ 0.56 $ 1.53 $ 0.69
 
(1)   See Non-GAAP Financial Measures for reconciliation to U.S. GAAP.
(2) May not foot due to rounding.

In the fourth quarter of fiscal 2017, Schnitzer completed the previously announced integration of its steel manufacturing and Oregon metals recycling operations into a single operating and reportable segment, CSS. As a result, our AMR performance now excludes the Oregon metals recycling operations. This change in operating and reportable segments is reflected in the results for the fourth quarter of fiscal 2017 and comparable prior period information has been recast to reflect this change. Recasting this historical information did not have an impact on the consolidated financial performance of the Company for any of the periods presented.

Auto and Metals Recycling

AMR segment results and operating statistics for all periods have been recast to reflect the integration of the Oregon metals recycling operations into CSS in the fourth quarter of 2017.

Summary of Auto and Metals Recycling Results
($ in millions, except selling prices)
  Quarter   Year
4Q17   4Q16   3Q17 2017   2016
Total revenues $ 393 $ 309 $ 385 $ 1,364 $ 1,061
 
Ferrous revenues $ 249 $ 186 $ 237 $ 843 $ 626
Ferrous volumes (000s LT) 864 805 825 3,145 2,899
Avg. net ferrous sales prices ($/LT)(1) $ 262 $ 209 $ 258 $ 242 $ 193
 
Nonferrous revenues $ 112 $ 99 $ 113 $ 395 $ 330
Nonferrous volumes (Ms LB)(2) 150 139 150 541 474
Avg. net nonferrous sales prices ($/LB)(1)(2) $ 0.64 $ 0.60 $ 0.65 $ 0.63 $ 0.60
 
Cars purchased for retail (000s) 113 92 108 411 319
 
Operating income(3) $ 24 $ 19 $ 30 $ 91 $ 23
Operating income per Fe ton $ 28 $ 23 $ 36 $ 29 $ 8
 
Adjusted operating income(4) $ 24 $ 18 $ 28 $ 90 $ 48
Adjusted operating income per Fe ton $ 28 $ 23 $ 34 $ 29 $ 16
 
(1)   Sales prices are shown net of freight.
(2) Excludes PGM metals in catalytic converters.
(3) Operating income does not include the impact of restructuring charges and other exit-related activities.
(4) See Non-GAAP Financial Measures for reconciliation to U.S. GAAP.

Volumes: Ferrous sales volumes in the fourth quarter increased 7% compared to the prior year quarter and 5% sequentially. Nonferrous sales volumes increased 8% compared to the prior year quarter and approximated the third quarter. Cars purchased by our auto stores in the fourth quarter increased 23% compared to the prior year quarter and 5% sequentially. For fiscal 2017, cars purchased achieved a record level of 411 thousand.

Export customers accounted for 72% of total ferrous sales volumes in the fourth quarter. Our products, including ferrous, nonferrous and recycled auto parts, were shipped to 17 countries in the fourth quarter and a total of 24 countries in fiscal 2017.

Pricing: During the fourth quarter, ferrous average net sales prices increased $53 per ton, or 25%, compared to the prior year quarter. Ferrous average net sales prices were more stable sequentially, increasing by $4 per ton, or 2%, reflecting shipments in the fourth quarter which had been contracted before the ramp up in market prices later in the quarter. Nonferrous average net sales prices in the fourth quarter increased 7% compared to the prior year quarter and were slightly lower sequentially primarily reflecting a change in product mix shipped.

Margins: Operating income per ton of $28 in the fourth quarter increased 19% compared to the prior year quarter reflecting better market conditions, increased sales diversification, improved volumes, the sustained benefits from cost savings and productivity initiatives and a favorable impact from average inventory accounting. Sequentially, operating income per ton was lower primarily due to sharply rising ferrous market prices in August, which led to increases in the cost of raw materials and compressed margins on shipments contracted earlier in the quarter, as well as seasonally lower auto parts retail sales. Fourth quarter fiscal 2017 included an estimated benefit from average inventory accounting of $3 million which compares to adverse impacts in the prior year fourth quarter of $2 million and $1 million in the third quarter of fiscal 2017.

Cascade Steel and Scrap

CSS segment results and operating statistics reflect the integrated steel manufacturing operations and Oregon metals recycling operations for all periods presented.

Summary of Cascade Steel and Scrap Results
($ in millions, except selling prices)
         
Quarter Year
4Q17 4Q16 3Q17 2017 2016
Steel revenues $ 88 $ 69 $ 82 $ 281 $ 270
Recycling revenues $ 17   $ 15   $ 14   $ 59   $ 34  
Total segment revenues $ 105   $ 84   $ 96   $ 340   $ 304  
 
Operating income $ 8 $ 3 $ 1 $ 5 $ 5
Adjusted operating income(1) $ 7 $ 5 $ 1 $ 5 $ 9
 
Finished steel average net sales price ($/ST)(2) $ 565 $ 528 $ 545 $ 534 $ 522
Finished steel sales volumes (000s ST) 147 123 141 496 488
 
Rolling mill utilization(3) 95 % 71 % 85 % 83 % 63 %
 
(1)   See Non-GAAP Financial Measures for reconciliation to U.S. GAAP.
(2) Price information is shown after netting the cost of freight incurred to deliver the product to the customer.
(3) Rolling mill utilization for fiscal 2017 is based on effective annual production capacity under current conditions of 580 thousand tons of finished steel products, reflecting a decrease in the effective finished steel production capacity resulting from the decommissioning of the older rolling mill during the first quarter of fiscal 2017.

Volumes: Finished steel sales volumes in the fourth quarter of 147 thousand tons increased 20% from the prior year quarter and 4% sequentially, primarily due to stronger demand and, compared to the prior year quarter, a reduced impact from imported rebar products on the West Coast.

Pricing: Average net selling prices for finished steel increased 7% from the prior year fourth quarter, primarily due to lower levels of steel imports during the second half of fiscal 2017. Sequentially, finished steel prices increased 4%, primarily reflecting higher raw material costs.

Margins: Fourth quarter operating income of $8 million, which included a gain on sale of an Oregon metals recycling joint venture investment of $1 million, and adjusted operating income of $7 million increased significantly compared to the prior year quarter and sequentially. The improved performance was primarily due to a combination of higher finished steel shipments and average net selling prices, and early benefits from internal synergies and productivity initiatives completed during the fourth quarter.

Corporate Items

During fiscal 2017, the Company generated operating cash flow of $49 million and $100 million for the fourth quarter and fiscal 2017, respectively. Total debt of $145 million at the end of the fourth quarter was $47 million, or 25%, lower than at the end of fiscal 2016 and total debt, net of cash, of $138 million was $28 million, or 17%, lower in the same period (refer to Non-GAAP Financial Measures provided after the financial statements in this document). During fiscal 2017, the Company invested $45 million in capital expenditures and returned $20 million to shareholders through quarterly dividend payments.

In the fourth quarter of fiscal 2017, consolidated financial performance included Corporate expense of $10 million, an increase compared to the prior year quarter primarily due to the $6 million insurance reimbursement in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2016. The Company's effective tax rate was an expense of 2.7% for fiscal year 2017 which was lower than the federal statutory rate primarily due to changes in valuation allowances.

Analysts' Conference Call: Fourth Quarter and Fiscal 2017

A conference call and slide presentation to discuss results will be held today, October 24, 2017, at 11:30 a.m. ET hosted by Tamara Lundgren, President and Chief Executive Officer, and Richard Peach, Senior Vice President, Chief Financial Officer and Chief of Corporate Operations. The call and the slides will be webcast and accessible on the Company's website at www.schnitzersteel.com.

Summary financial data is provided in the following pages. The slides and appendix will be available prior to the call on the website.

About Schnitzer Steel Industries, Inc.

Schnitzer Steel Industries, Inc. is one of the largest manufacturers and exporters of recycled metal products in North America. Schnitzer has seven deep water export facilities and operates in 23 states, Puerto Rico and Western Canada. The Company's vertically integrated operating platform includes retail auto parts stores which sell recycled auto parts and receive approximately 5 million annual customer visits. The Company's electric-arc furnace mill in McMinnville, Oregon produces finished steel long products, including rebar, wire rod and other specialty products using recycled metal as its primary raw material. The Company began operations in 1906 in Portland, Oregon.

SCHNITZER STEEL INDUSTRIES, INC.
FINANCIAL HIGHLIGHTS
(in thousands)
(Unaudited)
       
For the Three Months Ended For the Year Ended

August 31,
2017

August 31,
2016

May 31,
2017

August 31,
2017

August 31,
2016

 
REVENUES:
 
Auto and Metals Recycling:
Ferrous revenues $ 248,856 $ 186,089 $ 236,834 $ 843,222 $ 625,517
Nonferrous revenues 111,881 98,529 113,488 394,977 330,351
Retail and other revenues 32,570   24,736   35,076   125,419   104,724  
Total Auto and Metals Recycling 393,307 309,354 385,398 1,363,618 1,060,592
 
Cascade Steel and Scrap:
Steel revenues 87,915 68,688 81,964 280,767 269,905
Recycling revenues 17,334   14,986   14,258   58,853   34,127  
Total Cascade Steel and Scrap 105,249 83,674 96,222 339,620 304,032
Intercompany sales eliminations (4,298 ) (2,364 ) (4,532 ) (15,647 ) (12,081 )
Total revenues $ 494,258   $ 390,664   $ 477,088   $ 1,687,591   $ 1,352,543  
 
 
OPERATING INCOME (LOSS):
 
AMR operating income $ 23,992 $ 18,865 $ 29,520 $ 91,405 $ 23,168
CSS operating income 8,019 2,559 1,163 5,275 4,696
Consolidated operating income (loss) $ 22,108 $ 18,376 $ 19,147 $ 56,013 $ (7,842 )
 
Adjusted AMR operating income(1) $ 24,435 $ 18,310 $ 28,305 $ 90,077 $ 47,730
Adjusted CSS operating income(1) 7,085   4,783   1,163   4,742   8,888  
Adjusted segment operating income(1)(2) 31,520   23,093   29,468   94,819   56,618  
Corporate expense (10,107 ) (4,360 ) (11,272 ) (40,788 ) (29,646 )
Intercompany eliminations 294   336   (171 ) 12   800  
Adjusted operating income(1) 21,707   19,069   18,025   54,043   27,772  
Goodwill impairment charge (8,845 )
Other asset impairment charges (recoveries), net 74 (2,224 ) 1,044 717 (20,682 )
Restructuring charges and other exit-related activities (90 ) 976 (93 ) 109 (6,781 )
Recoveries related to the resale or modification of previously contracted shipments 417   555   171   1,144   694  
Total operating income (loss) $ 22,108   $ 18,376   $ 19,147   $ 56,013   $ (7,842 )
 
(1)   See Non-GAAP Financial Measures for reconciliation to U.S. GAAP.
(2) Segment operating income does not include the impact of restructuring charges and other exit-related activities.

 
SCHNITZER STEEL INDUSTRIES, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF OPERATIONS
(in thousands, except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)
For the Three Months Ended   For the Year Ended
August 31, 2017   August 31, 2016   May 31, 2017 August 31, 2017   August 31, 2016
Revenues $ 494,258   $ 390,664   $ 477,088   $ 1,687,591   $ 1,352,543  
Cost of goods sold 430,703 336,726 411,109 1,464,508 1,175,988
Selling, general and administrative 41,805 35,194 48,451 171,570 148,908
Income from joint ventures (374 ) (880 ) (668 ) (3,674 ) (819 )
Goodwill impairment charge 8,845
Other asset impairment charges (recoveries), net (74 ) 2,224 (1,044 ) (717 ) 20,682
Restructuring charges and other exit-related activities 90   (976 ) 93   (109 ) 6,781  
Operating income (loss) 22,108 18,376 19,147 56,013 (7,842 )
Interest expense (2,112 ) (2,110 ) (2,131 ) (8,081 ) (8,889 )
Other income (expense), net (561 ) 462   524   758   1,226  
Income (loss) from continuing operations before income taxes 19,435 16,728 17,540 48,690 (15,505 )
Income tax benefit (expense) (586 ) 75   (161 ) (1,322 ) (735 )
Income (loss) from continuing operations 18,849 16,803 17,379 47,368 (16,240 )
Loss from discontinued operations, net of tax (114 ) (143 ) (127 ) (390 ) (1,348 )
Net income (loss) 18,735 16,660 17,252 46,978 (17,588 )
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests (500 ) (528 ) (687 ) (2,467 ) (1,821 )
Net income (loss) attributable to SSI $ 18,235   $ 16,132   $ 16,565   $ 44,511   $ (19,409 )
 
Basic:
Income (loss) per share from continuing operations attributable to SSI $ 0.66 $ 0.60 $ 0.60 $ 1.63 $ (0.66 )
Loss per share from discontinued operations   (0.01 )   (0.01 ) (0.05 )
Net income (loss) per share attributable to SSI(1) $ 0.66 $ 0.59 $ 0.60 $ 1.62 $ (0.71 )
Diluted:
Income (loss) per share from continuing operations attributable to SSI $ 0.65 $ 0.59 $ 0.60 $ 1.60 $ (0.66 )
Loss per share from discontinued operations   (0.01 )   (0.01 ) (0.05 )
Net income (loss) per share attributable to SSI(1) $ 0.64 $ 0.58 $ 0.60 $ 1.58 $ (0.71 )
 
Weighted average number of common shares:
Basic 27,650 27,333 27,601 27,537 27,229
Diluted 28,409 27,623 27,703 28,141 27,229
Dividends declared per common share $ 0.1875 $ 0.1875 $ 0.1875 $ 0.750 $ 0.750
 
(1) May not foot due to rounding.

 
SCHNITZER STEEL INDUSTRIES, INC.
SELECTED OPERATING STATISTICS
(Unaudited)
 
  Fiscal Year
1Q17 2Q17 3Q17 4Q17 2017
SSI Total Volumes(1)
Total ferrous volumes (LT) 833,889 852,036 951,230 990,516 3,627,671
Total nonferrous volumes (000s LB) 136,057 122,554 161,832 164,342 584,785
Auto and Metals Recycling
Ferrous selling prices ($/LT)(2)
Domestic $ 169 $ 237 $ 263 $ 257 $ 236
Export $ 203   $ 252   $ 255   $ 263   $ 244  
Average $ 194 $ 247 $ 258 $ 262 $ 242
Ferrous sales volume (LT)
Domestic 197,255 220,975 291,227 238,930 948,387
Export 519,510   518,200   534,164   625,168   2,197,042  
Total 716,765 739,175 825,391 864,098 3,145,429
 
Nonferrous average price ($/LB)(2)(3) $ 0.58 $ 0.64 $ 0.65 $ 0.64 $ 0.63
Nonferrous sales volume (000s LB)(3) 125,817 114,275 150,356 150,343 540,791
Car purchase volume (000s)(4) 94 96 108 113 411
Auto stores at end of quarter 52 52 53 53 53
Cascade Steel and Scrap
Finished steel average sales price ($/ST)(2) $ 492 $ 517 $ 545 $ 565 $ 534
Sales volume (ST)
Rebar 73,903 69,136 84,166 96,323 323,528
Coiled products 23,934 34,371 54,629 48,349 161,283
Merchant bar and other 3,038   2,482   2,426   2,759   10,705  
Finished steel products sold (000s ST) 100,875 105,989 141,221 147,431 495,516
 
Rolling mill utilization(5) 65 % 89 % 85 % 95 % 83 %
 

  Fiscal Year
1Q16 2Q16 3Q16 4Q16 2016
SSI Total Volumes(1)
Total ferrous volumes (LT) 805,279 737,124 832,001 914,284 3,288,688
Total nonferrous volumes (000s LB) 111,077 123,675 122,244 153,287 510,283
Auto and Metals Recycling
Ferrous selling prices ($/LT)(2)
Domestic $ 167 $ 155 $ 206 $ 214 $ 188
Export $ 180   $ 175   $ 218   $ 207   $ 196  
Average $ 176 $ 169 $ 214 $ 209 $ 193
Ferrous sales volume (LT)
Domestic 189,250 196,759 227,861 244,742 858,612
Export 515,109   454,924   509,502   560,642   2,040,177  
Total 704,359 651,683 737,363 805,384 2,898,789
 
Nonferrous average price ($/LB)(2)(3) $ 0.61 $ 0.58 $ 0.59 $ 0.60 $ 0.60
Nonferrous sales volume (000s LB)(3) 103,135 116,452 114,726 139,425 473,737
Car purchase volume (000s)(4) 77 70 79 92 319
Auto stores at end of quarter 55 55 53 52 52
Cascade Steel and Scrap
Finished steel average sales price ($/ST)(2) $ 554 $ 504 $ 501 $ 528 $ 522
Sales volume (ST)
Rebar 85,899 71,935 84,193 88,591 330,618
Coiled products 32,482 33,742 42,168 29,891 138,283
Merchant bar and other 4,757   3,974   6,490   4,080   19,301  
Finished steel products sold (000s ST) 123,138 109,651 132,851 122,562 488,202
 
Rolling mill utilization(5) 68 % 61 % 53 % 71 % 63 %
(1)   Ferrous and nonferrous volumes sold externally by AMR and CSS and delivered to our steel mill for finished steel production.
(2) Price information is shown after a reduction for the cost of freight incurred to deliver the product to the customer.
(3) Excludes PGM metals in catalytic converters.
(4) Cars purchased by auto stores only.
(5) Rolling mill utilization for fiscal 2017 is based on effective annual production capacity under current conditions of 580 thousand tons of finished steel products, reflecting a decrease in the effective finished steel production capacity resulting from the decommissioning of the older rolling mill during the first quarter of fiscal 2017.

SCHNITZER STEEL INDUSTRIES, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)
  August 31, 2017   August 31, 2016

Assets

Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents $ 7,287 $ 26,819
Accounts receivable, net 138,998 113,952
Inventories 166,942 132,972
Other current assets 24,723   26,063
Total current assets 337,950 299,806
 
Property, plant and equipment, net 390,629 392,820
 
Goodwill and other assets 205,176   198,803
 
Total assets $ 933,755   $ 891,429
 

Liabilities and Equity

Current liabilities:
Short-term borrowings $ 721 $ 8,374
Other current liabilities 175,539   125,280
Total current liabilities 176,260 133,654
 
Long-term debt, net of current maturities 144,403 184,144
 
Other long-term liabilities 75,599 72,199
 
Equity:
Total Schnitzer Steel Industries, Inc. ("SSI") shareholders' equity 533,586 497,721
Noncontrolling interests 3,907   3,711
Total equity 537,493   501,432
Total liabilities and equity $ 933,755   $ 891,429

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

This press release contains performance based on adjusted net income (loss) and adjusted diluted earnings (loss) per share from continuing operations attributable to SSI and adjusted consolidated, AMR and CSS operating income (loss), which are non-GAAP financial measures as defined under SEC rules. As required by SEC rules, the Company has provided reconciliations of these measures for each period discussed to the most directly comparable U.S. GAAP measure. Management believes that presenting non-GAAP financial measures provides a meaningful presentation of our results from business operations excluding adjustments for goodwill impairment charges, other asset impairment charges net of recoveries, restructuring charges and other exit-related activities, recoveries related to the resale or modification of previously contracted shipments, the non-cash write-off of debt issuance costs, and the income tax expense (benefit) allocated to these adjustments, items which are not related to our underlying business operational performance, and improves the period-to-period comparability of our results from business operations. Adjusted operating results in fiscal 2015 excluded the impact of the resale or modification of the terms, each at significantly lower prices due to sharp declines in selling prices, of certain previously contracted bulk shipments for delivery during fiscal 2015. Recoveries resulting from settlements with the original contract parties, which began in the third quarter of fiscal 2016, are reported within the selling, general and administrative expense in the Consolidated Statements of Operations, and are also excluded from these measures. Further, management believes that debt, net of cash is a useful measure for investors because, as cash and cash equivalents can be used, among other things, to repay indebtedness, netting this against total debt is a useful measure of our leverage. These non-GAAP financial measures should be considered in addition to, but not as a substitute for, the most directly comparable U.S. GAAP measures.

($ in millions)   Quarter   Year
4Q17   4Q16   3Q17 2017   2016
Consolidated operating income (loss):
Operating income (loss) $ 22 $ 18 $ 19 $ 56 $ (8 )
Goodwill impairment charge 9
Other asset impairment charges (recoveries), net 2 (1 ) (1 ) 21
Restructuring charges and other exit-related activities (1 ) 7
Recoveries related to the resale or modification of certain previously contracted shipments   (1 )   (1 ) (1 )
Adjusted operating income(1) $ 22   $ 19   $ 18   $ 54   $ 28  
 
AMR operating income:
Operating income $ 24 $ 19 $ 30 $ 91 $ 23
Goodwill impairment charge 9
Other asset impairment charges (recoveries), net 1 (1 ) 16
Recoveries related to the resale or modification of certain previously contracted shipments   (1 )   (1 ) (1 )
Adjusted AMR operating income(1) $ 24   $ 18   $ 28   $ 90   $ 48  
 
CSS operating income:
Operating income $ 8 $ 3 $ 1 $ 5 $ 5
Other asset impairment charges (recoveries), net (1 ) 2     (1 ) 4  
Adjusted CSS operating income(1) $ 7   $ 5   $ 1   $ 5   $ 9  
 
(1)   May not foot due to rounding.

 
Net income (loss) from continuing operations attributable to SSI
 
($ in millions)   Quarter   Year
4Q17   4Q16   3Q17 2017   2016
Net income (loss) from continuing operations attributable to SSI $ 18 $ 16 $ 17 $ 45 $ (18 )
Goodwill impairment charge 9
Other asset impairment charges (recoveries), net 2 (1 ) (1 ) 21
Restructuring charges and other exit-related activities (1 ) 7
Recoveries related to the resale or modification of certain previously contracted shipments (1 ) (1 ) (1 )
Non-cash write-off of debt issuance costs 1
Income tax expense (benefit) allocated to adjustments(2)         1  
Adjusted net income from continuing operations attributable to SSI(1) $ 18   $ 17   $ 16   $ 43   $ 19  
 
(1)   May not foot due to rounding.
(2) Income tax allocated to adjustments reconciling Reported and Adjusted net income (loss) from continuing operations attributable to SSI and diluted earnings (loss) per share from continuing operations attributable to SSI is determined based on a tax provision calculated with and without the adjustments.
Diluted earnings (loss) per share from continuing operations attributable to SSI
($ per share) Quarter   Year
4Q17   4Q16   3Q17 2017   2016
Net income (loss) attributable to SSI $ 0.64 $ 0.58 $ 0.60 $ 1.58 $ (0.71 )
Less: Loss from discontinued operations attributable to SSI   (0.01 )   (0.01 ) (0.05 )
Net income (loss) from continuing operations attributable to SSI(1) 0.65 0.59 0.60 1.60 (0.66 )
Goodwill impairment charge 0.32
Other asset impairment charges (recoveries), net 0.08 (0.04 ) (0.03 ) 0.76
Restructuring charges and other exit-related activities (0.04 ) 0.25
Recoveries related to the resale or modification of previously contracted shipments (0.01 ) (0.02 ) (0.01 ) (0.04 ) (0.03 )
Non-cash write-off of debt issuance costs 0.03
Income tax expense (benefit) allocated to adjustments(2)   (0.01 )     0.02  
Adjusted diluted earnings from continuing operations attributable to SSI(1) $ 0.63   $ 0.60   $ 0.56   $ 1.53   $ 0.69  
 
(1)   May not foot due to rounding.
(2) Income tax allocated to adjustments reconciling Reported and Adjusted net income (loss) from continuing operations attributable to SSI and diluted earnings (loss) per share from continuing operations attributable to SSI is determined based on a tax provision calculated with and without the adjustments.
     
Debt, net of cash
($ in thousands)
August 31, 2017 August 31, 2016 May 31, 2017
Short-term borrowings $ 721 $ 8,374 $ 641
Long-term debt, net of current maturities 144,403   184,144   183,802
Total debt 145,124 192,518 184,443
Less: cash and cash equivalents 7,287   26,819   15,209
Total debt, net of cash $ 137,837   $ 165,699   $ 169,234

Safe Harbor for Forward Looking Statements

Statements and information included in this press release that are not purely historical are forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and are made pursuant to the “safe harbor” provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Except as noted herein or as the context may otherwise require, all references in this press release to “we,” “our,” “us,” “Company,” “Schnitzer,” and “SSI” refer to Schnitzer Steel Industries, Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries.

Forward-looking statements in this press release include statements regarding future events or our expectations, intentions, beliefs and strategies regarding the future, which may include statements regarding trends, cyclicality and changes in the markets we sell into; the Company's outlook, growth initiatives or expected results or objectives, including pricing, margins, sales volumes and profitability; strategic direction or goals; targets; changes to manufacturing and production processes; the cost of and the status of any agreements or actions related to our compliance with environmental and other laws; expected tax rates, deductions and credits; the realization of deferred tax assets; planned capital expenditures; liquidity positions; ability to generate cash from continuing operations; the potential impact of adopting new accounting pronouncements; obligations under our retirement plans; benefits, savings or additional costs from business realignment, cost containment and productivity improvement programs; and the adequacy of accruals.

Forward-looking statements by their nature address matters that are, to different degrees, uncertain, and often contain words such as “outlook,” “target,” “aim,” “believes,” “expects,” “anticipates,” “intends,” “assumes,” “estimates,” “evaluates,” “may,” “will,” “should,” “could,” “opinions,” “forecasts,” “projects,” “plans,” “future,” “forward,” “potential,” “probable,” and similar expressions. However, the absence of these words or similar expressions does not mean that a statement is not forward-looking.

We may make other forward-looking statements from time to time, including in reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission, press releases, and presentations and on public conference calls. All forward-looking statements we make are based on information available to us at the time the statements are made, and we assume no obligation to update any forward-looking statements, except as may be required by law. Our business is subject to the effects of changes in domestic and global economic conditions and a number of other risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those included in, or implied by, such forward-looking statements. Some of these risks and uncertainties are discussed in “Item 1A. Risk Factors” in our most recent annual report on Form 10-K and in our quarterly reports on Form 10-Q. Examples of these risks include: potential environmental cleanup costs related to the Portland Harbor Superfund site or other locations; the cyclicality and impact of general economic conditions; instability in international markets; volatile supply and demand conditions affecting prices and volumes in the markets for both our products and raw materials we purchase; imbalances in supply and demand conditions in the global steel industry; the impact of goodwill impairment charges; the impact of long-lived asset and cost and equity method investment impairment charges; inability to sustain the benefits from productivity and restructuring initiatives; difficulties associated with acquisitions and integration of acquired businesses; customer fulfillment of their contractual obligations; increases in the relative value of the U.S. dollar; the impact of foreign currency fluctuations; potential limitations on our ability to access capital resources and existing credit facilities; restrictions on our business and financial covenants under our bank credit agreement; the impact of consolidation in the steel industry; inability to realize expected benefits from investments in technology; freight rates and the availability of transportation; the impact of equipment upgrades, equipment failures and facility damage on production; product liability claims; the impact of legal proceedings and legal compliance; the adverse impact of climate change; the impact of not realizing deferred tax assets; the impact of tax increases and changes in tax rules; the impact of one or more cybersecurity incidents; environmental compliance costs and potential environmental liabilities; inability to obtain or renew business licenses and permits or renew facility leases; compliance with greenhouse gas emission laws and regulations; reliance on employees subject to collective bargaining agreements; and the impact of the underfunded status of multiemployer plans in which we participate.

Source: Schnitzer Steel Industries, Inc.

Schnitzer Steel Industries, Inc.
Investor Relations:
Alexandra Deignan, 646-278-9711
adeignan@schn.com
or
Company Info:
www.schnitzersteel.com
ir@schn.com

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